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Family vacations: Maluku Utara and Sulawesi, 2014 - 2022

More diving vacations in Indonesia. The beauty is that across Indonesia you go to a different Island and start a whole new insect collection, with lots of endemics. These two trips were to the Spice Islands, Maluku Utara: Pulau Halmahera, Pulau Bachan and Pulau Gam, the latter a small island near Pulau Morotai. In each case we made a stopover on Sulawesi, where the fauna is again entirely different. Please forgive me, but I was more interested in nudibranches and other animals than in butterflies.

Images\Expeditions\Expedition-2014-Maluku\Maluku-01.jpeg

A flowers-and-bees lecture is probably in order. Nudibranches are hermaphroditisches. The mating ritual is a kind of penis-wrestling. The one who wins gets to be the male. In all nudibranchs, the male and female sexual openings are on the right side of the body, reflecting their asymmetrical origins.

Images\Expeditions\Expedition-2014-Maluku\Maluku-02.jpeg

This Celebes crested macaque is likely from the same tribe as the famous "selfie monkey". Perhaps not, but he is from the same Tangkoko National Park north of Bitung, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia.

Superfamily Papilionoidea Latreille, 1802

Family Papilionidae Latreille, 1809

Subfamily Papilioninae Latreille, 1802

Tribe Leptocircini W. F. Kirby, 1896

Lamproptera Gray, 1832

AZ22-0005
AZ22-0005R AZ22-0005V
L. meges ennius (C. & R. Felder, 1865) (Leptocircus) → [GBIF]
♀ 31mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.

Graphium Scopoli, 1777

Idaides Hübner, 1819

AZ19-0144
AZ19-0144R AZ19-0144V
G. anthedon milon (C. & R. Felder, 1865) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 73mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0143
AZ19-0143R AZ19-0143V
G. eurypylus pamphylus (C. & R. Felder, 1865) (Papilio) → GBIF
♀ 74mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0145
AZ19-0145R AZ19-0145V
G. eurypylus pamphylus (C. & R. Felder, 1865) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 74mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0042
AZ15-0042R AZ15-0042V
G. m. macfarlanei (Butler, 1877) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 63mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.



Tribe Papilionini Latreille, [1802]

Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Araminta Moore, 1886

AZ19-0158
AZ19-0158R AZ19-0158V
P. g. gigon C. & R. Felder, 1864 → GBIF
♂ 109mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

Menelaides Hübner, [1819]

polytes species-group

AZ15-0041
AZ15-0041R AZ15-0041V
P. polytes nicanor C. & R. Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♂ 85mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0044
AZ15-0044R AZ15-0044V
P. polytes nicanor C. & R. Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♀ 80mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0194
AZ19-0194R AZ19-0194V
P. polytes nicanor C. & R. Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♀ 81mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

fuscus species-group

AZ15-0025
AZ15-0025R AZ15-0025V
P. fuscus lapathus Fruhstorfer, 1904 → GBIF
♀ 93mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

memnon species-group

AZ22-0014
AZ22-0014R AZ22-0014V
P. a. ascalaphus Boisduval, 1836 → GBIF
♂ 119mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ15-0027
AZ15-0027R AZ15-0027V
P. deiphobus deiphontes C. & R. Felder, 1864 → GBIF
♂ 112mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.




Tribe Troidini Ford, 1944

Subtribe Troidina Talbot 1939

Atrophaneura Reakirt, [1865]

Pachliopta species-group

AZ15-0090
AZ15-0090R AZ15-0090V
A. p. polyphontes (Boisduval, 1836) (Papilio) → GBIF
♀ 90mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Troides Hübner, [1819]

AZ19-0212
AZ19-0212R AZ19-0212V
T. c. criton (C. & R. Felder, 1860) (Ornithoptera) → GBIF
♀ 122mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0215
AZ19-0215R AZ19-0215V
T. c. criton (C. & R. Felder, 1860) (Ornithoptera) → GBIF
♂ 94mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0013
AZ22-0013R AZ22-0013V
T. helena hephaestus (Felder, 1865) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 116mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ22-0019
AZ22-0019R AZ22-0019V
T. helena hephaestus (Felder, 1865) (Papilio) → GBIF
♀ 131mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ22-0020
AZ22-0020R AZ22-0020V
T. hypolitus cellularis Rothschild, 1895 → GBIF
♀ 140mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.





Family Pieridae Duponchel, [1835]

Subfamily Pierinae Swainson, 1820

Tribe Pierini Swainson, 1820

Cepora Billberg, 1820

AZ19-0206
AZ19-0206R AZ19-0206V
C. aspasia emma (Vollenhoven, 1865) (Pieris) → [GBIF]

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0010
AZ22-0010R AZ22-0010V
C. e. eperia (Boisduval, 1836) (Pieris) → GBIF
♂ 68mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.

Delias Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0032
AZ15-0032R AZ15-0032V
D. ribbei Röber, 1886 → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

Subtribe Appiadina Kuznetsov, 1929

Appias Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0059
AZ15-0059R AZ15-0059V
A. paulina albata (Hopffer, 1874) (Tachyris) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ22-0011
AZ22-0011R AZ22-0011V
A. z. zarinda (Boisduval, 1836) (Pieris) → GBIF
♂ 67mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.



Tribe Colotini

Pareronia Bingham, 1907

AZ22-0026
AZ22-0026R AZ22-0026V
P. a. argolis (C. & R. Felder, 1860) (Eronia)
♀ 58mm
Sali Kecil (Halmahera Selatan), North Maluku
Lat: -0.42792, Lon: 127.74094 (0.2 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ22-0027
AZ22-0027R AZ22-0027V
P. a. argolis (C. & R. Felder, 1860) (Eronia)
♂ 59mm
Sali Kecil (Halmahera Selatan), North Maluku
Lat: -0.42792, Lon: 127.74094 (0.2 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ19-0147
AZ19-0147R AZ19-0147V
P. t. tritaea (C. & R. Felder, 1859) (Eronia) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0016
AZ22-0016R AZ22-0016V
P. t. tritaea (C. & R. Felder, 1859) (Eronia) → GBIF
♂ 77mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.



Subfamily Coliadinae Swainson, 1826

Tribe Coliadini Swainson, 1826

Catopsilia Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0089
AZ15-0089R AZ15-0089V
C. pomona (Fabricius, 1775) (Papilio) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0033
AZ15-0033R AZ15-0033V
C. pyranthe (Linnaeus, 1758) (Papilio) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Euremini Grote, 1898

Terias Swainson, [1821]

AZ15-0057
AZ15-0057R AZ15-0057V
T. alitha lorquini C. & R. Felder, 1865 → [GBIF]

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0148
AZ19-0148R AZ19-0148V
T. alitha zita C. & R. Felder, 1865 → [GBIF]

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0015
AZ22-0015R AZ22-0015V
T. alitha zita C. & R. Felder, 1865 → [GBIF]
♂ 40mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ15-0018
AZ15-0018R AZ15-0018V
T. ? blanda indecisa (Butler) (Eurema) → [GBIF]

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0021
AZ15-0021R AZ15-0021V
T. ? blanda indecisa (Butler) (Eurema) → [GBIF]

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0166
AZ19-0166R AZ19-0166V
T. blanda indecisa (Butler) (Eurema) → [GBIF]

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0022
AZ22-0022R AZ22-0022V
T. blanda indecisa (Butler) (Eurema) → [GBIF]
♂ 26mm
Sali Kecil (Halmahera Selatan), North Maluku
Lat: -0.42792, Lon: 127.74094 (0.2 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ19-0181
AZ19-0181R AZ19-0181V
T. candida liberia (Fruhstorfer 1910) (Eurema) → [GBIF]

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0196
AZ19-0196R AZ19-0196V
T. candida liberia (Fruhstorfer 1910) (Eurema) → [GBIF]

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.




Family Nymphalidae Swainson, 1827

Subfamily Danainae Boisduval, 1833

Tribe Danaini Boisduval, 1833

Subtribe Amaurina Le Cerf, 1921

Ideopsis Horsfield 1857

AZ15-0014
AZ15-0014R AZ15-0014V
I. juventa curtisi (Moore, 1883) (Radena) → GBIF
♀ 66mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0015
AZ15-0015R AZ15-0015V
I. juventa curtisi (Moore, 1883) (Radena) → GBIF
♂ 72mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0192
AZ19-0192R AZ19-0192V
I. juventa curtisi (Moore, 1883) (Radena) → GBIF
♀ 65mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0087
AZ15-0087R AZ15-0087V
I. juventa tontoliensis (Fruhstorfer, 1897) (Danais) → GBIF
♀ 69mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ22-0009
AZ22-0009R AZ22-0009V
I. juventa tontoliensis (Fruhstorfer, 1897) (Danais) → GBIF
♂ 69mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ19-0193
AZ19-0193R AZ19-0193V
I. vitrea chloris (C. & R. Felder, 1860) (Danais) → GBIF
♂ 81mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0213
AZ19-0213R AZ19-0213V
I. vitrea chloris (C. & R. Felder, 1860) (Danais) → GBIF
♀ 84mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0012
AZ22-0012R AZ22-0012V
I. vitrea oenopia (C. & R. Felder, 1859) (Danais) → GBIF
♀ 73mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.


Subtribe Danaina Boisduval, [1833]

Tirumala Moore 1880

AZ15-0086
AZ15-0086R AZ15-0086V
T. i. ishmoides Moore, 1883 → GBIF
♀ 76mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

Danaus Kluk 1802

Salatura Moore, [1880]

AZ15-0083
AZ15-0083R AZ15-0083V
D. ismare alba (Morishita, 1981) (Anosia) → GBIF
♀ 77mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0011
AZ15-0011R AZ15-0011V
D. ismare ismareola (Butler, 1866) (Danais) → GBIF
♂ 82mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0216
AZ19-0216R AZ19-0216V
D. ismare ismareola (Butler, 1866) (Danais) → GBIF
♀ 79mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0217
AZ19-0217R AZ19-0217V
D. ismare ismareola (Butler, 1866) (Danais) → GBIF
♂ 80mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0007
AZ22-0007R AZ22-0007V
D. genutia leucoglene (C. & R. Felder, 1865) (Danais) → GBIF
♂ 64mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ15-0012
AZ15-0012R AZ15-0012V
D. affinis nubila (Butler, 1866) (Danais) → GBIF
♂ 68mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0013
AZ15-0013R AZ15-0013V
D. affinis nubila (Butler, 1866) (Danais) → GBIF
♀ 67mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0171
AZ19-0171R AZ19-0171V
D. affinis nubila (Butler, 1866) (Danais) → GBIF
♂ 61mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

Anosia Hübner, 1816

AZ19-0191
AZ19-0191R AZ19-0191V
D. chrysippus cratippus (Felder, 1860) (Danais) → GBIF
♀ 55mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.



Subtribe Euploeina Moore, [1880]

Euploea Fabricius 1807

AZ22-0003
AZ22-0003R AZ22-0003V
E. e. eupator Hewitson, 1858 → GBIF
♂ 76mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ22-0004
AZ22-0004R AZ22-0004V
E. e. eupator Hewitson, 1858 → GBIF
♀ 77mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ19-0204 → notes
AZ19-0204R AZ19-0204V
E. leucostictos bernsteini C. & R. Felder, [1865] → GBIF
♀ 69mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0205
AZ19-0205R AZ19-0205V
E. leucostictos bernsteini C. & R. Felder, [1865] → GBIF
♂ 77mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0001
AZ15-0001R AZ15-0001V
E. tulliolus dudgeonis (Grose-Smith, 1894) (Calliploea) → GBIF
♂ 59mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0006
AZ15-0006R AZ15-0006V
E. tulliolus dudgeonis (Grose-Smith, 1894) (Calliploea) → GBIF
♀ 59mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ22-0025
AZ22-0025R AZ22-0025V
E. tulliolus dudgeonis (Grose-Smith, 1894) (Calliploea) → GBIF
♂ 56mm
Sali Kecil (Halmahera Selatan), North Maluku
Lat: -0.42792, Lon: 127.74094 (0.2 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.
AZ15-0088
AZ15-0088R AZ15-0088V
E. h. hewitsonii Felder & Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♀ 67mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0163
AZ19-0163R AZ19-0163V
E. s. stephensii Felder & Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♂ 60mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0003
AZ15-0003R AZ15-0003V
E. cf. m. morosa Butler, 1866 → GBIF
♀ 74mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0005
AZ15-0005R AZ15-0005V
E. m. morosa Butler, 1866 → GBIF
♂ 63mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0056
AZ15-0056R AZ15-0056V
E. algea kirbyi Felder & Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♀ 77mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0060
AZ15-0060R AZ15-0060V
E. algea kirbyi Felder & Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♂ 66mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ23-0097
AZ23-0097R AZ23-0097V
E. algea kirbyi Felder & Felder, 1865 → GBIF
♀ 73mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.45487, Lon: 125.15041 (14.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0002
AZ15-0002R AZ15-0002V
E. w. wallacei Felder & Felder, 1860 → GBIF
♂ 79mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0004
AZ15-0004R AZ15-0004V
E. w. wallacei Felder & Felder, 1860 → GBIF
♀ 76mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

Idea Fabricius 1807

AZ15-0007
AZ15-0007R AZ15-0007V
I. i. idea (Linnaeus, 1763) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 101mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0020
AZ15-0020R AZ15-0020V
I. i. idea (Linnaeus, 1763) (Papilio) → GBIF
♀ 110mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0214
AZ19-0214R AZ19-0214V
I. i. idea (Linnaeus, 1763) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 112mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.




Subfamily Charaxinae Guenée, 1865

Tribe Charaxini Guenée, 1865

Charaxes Ochsenheimer 1816

Polyura species-group

AZ19-0203
AZ19-0203R AZ19-0203V
C. g. gilolensis Butler, 1869 → GBIF
♂ 77mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.




Subfamily Satyrinae Boisduval, 1833

Tribe Amathusiini Moore, 1894

Taenaris Hübner 1819

AZ15-0095
AZ15-0095R AZ15-0095V
T. m. macrops (Felder & Felder, 1860) (Drusilla) → GBIF
♂ 85mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0195
AZ19-0195R AZ19-0195V
T. m. macrops (Felder & Felder, 1860) (Drusilla) → GBIF
♀ 94mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Tribe Elymniini Herrich-Schaeffer, 1864

Elymnias Hübner 1818

vitellia species-group

AZ15-0091
AZ15-0091R AZ15-0091V
E. c. cybele (Felder & Felder, 1860) (Melanitis) → GBIF
♀ 72mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0207
AZ19-0207R AZ19-0207V
E. c. cybele (Felder & Felder, 1860) (Melanitis) → GBIF
♂ 71mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.



Tribe Melanitini Reuter, 1896

Melanitis Fabricius 1807

AZ15-0026
AZ15-0026R AZ15-0026V
M. c. constantia (Cramer, 1777) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 68mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0028
AZ15-0028R AZ15-0028V
M. c. constantia (Cramer, 1777) (Papilio) → GBIF
♀ 71mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0093
AZ15-0093R AZ15-0093V
M. leda moluccarum Fruhstorfer, 1908 → GBIF
♀ 69mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0094
AZ15-0094R AZ15-0094V
M. leda moluccarum Fruhstorfer, 1908 → GBIF
♂ 70mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0156
AZ19-0156R AZ19-0156V
M. leda moluccarum Fruhstorfer, 1908 → GBIF
♀ 69mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Tribe Satyrini Boisduval, 1833

Subtribe Lethina Reuter, 1896

Lethe Hübner 1819

AZ19-0157
AZ19-0157R AZ19-0157V
L. europa advipa Fruhstorfer, 1911 → GBIF
♀ 63mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Subtribe Mycalesina Reuter, 1896

Telinga Moore 1880

janardana species-group   → notes

AZ15-0024
AZ15-0024R AZ15-0024V
T. m. megamede (Hewitson, 1862) (Mycalesis) → GBIF
♀ 40mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0036
AZ15-0036R AZ15-0036V
T. m. megamede (Hewitson, 1862) (Mycalesis) → GBIF
♂ 40mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Mydosama Moore 1880

AZ15-0038
AZ15-0038R AZ15-0038V
M. terminus anteros (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Mycalesis) → GBIF
♀ 44mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0040
AZ15-0040R AZ15-0040V
M. terminus anteros (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Mycalesis) → GBIF
♂ 43mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0168
AZ19-0168R AZ19-0168V
M. terminus anteros (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Mycalesis) → GBIF
♀ 45mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0183
AZ19-0183R AZ19-0183V
M. terminus anteros (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Mycalesis) → GBIF
♂ 41mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0037
AZ15-0037R AZ15-0037V
M. messene (Hewitson, 1862) (Mycalesis) → GBIF
♀ 54mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Subtribe Eritina Miller, 1968

Orsotriaena Wallengren 1858

AZ15-0030
AZ15-0030R AZ15-0030V
O. m. medus (Fabricius, 1775) (Papilio) → GBIF
♀ 43mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0164
AZ19-0164R AZ19-0164V
O. m. medus (Fabricius, 1775) (Papilio) → GBIF
♂ 42mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Subtribe Ypthimina Reuter, 1896

Ypthima Hübner 1818

Thymipa Moore, 1893

philomela species-group

AZ15-0023
AZ15-0023R AZ15-0023V
Y. stellera sepyra (Hewitson, 1865) (Yphthima) → GBIF
♀ 31mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0187
AZ19-0187R AZ19-0187V
Y. stellera sepyra (Hewitson, 1865) (Yphthima) → GBIF
♂ 33mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Ypthima Hübner, 1818_subgenus

pandocus species-group

AZ15-0085
AZ15-0085R AZ15-0085V
Y. k. kalelonda Westwood, 1888 → GBIF
♂ 45mm
Gunung Mahawu, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.35471, Lon: 124.8628 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.






Subfamily Heliconiinae Swainson, 1822

Tribe Vagrantini Pinratana & Eliot, 1996

Vindula Hemming 1934

AZ22-0002
AZ22-0002R AZ22-0002V
V. dejone celebensis (Butler, 1874) (Cynthia) → GBIF
♂ 86mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.

Cupha Billberg 1820

AZ19-0161
AZ19-0161R AZ19-0161V
C. m. myronides (Felder & Felder, 1867) (Messaras) → GBIF
♂ 50mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0182
AZ19-0182R AZ19-0182V
C. m. myronides (Felder & Felder, 1867) (Messaras) → GBIF
♂ 43mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.



Subfamily Limenitidinae Behr, 1864

Tribe Parthenini Reuter, 1896

Parthenos Hübner 1819

AZ22-0001
AZ22-0001R AZ22-0001V
P. sylvia salentia (Hopffer, 1874) (Minetra) → GBIF
♂ 93mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.


Tribe Adoliadini Doubleday, 1845

Euthaliopsis van der Poll 1896

AZ15-0031
AZ15-0031R AZ15-0031V
E. aetion plateni (Staudinger, 1886) (Euthalia) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

Dophla Moore 1880

AZ22-0006
AZ22-0006R AZ22-0006V
D. evelina bolitissa (Fruhstorfer, 1913) (Euthalia) → GBIF
♂ 72mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.


Tribe Neptini Newman, 1870

Pantoporia Hübner 1819

AZ19-0165
AZ19-0165R AZ19-0165V
P. mysia mira Eliot, 1969 → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0172
AZ19-0172R AZ19-0172V
P. mysia mira Eliot, 1969 → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0062
AZ15-0062R AZ15-0062V
P. mysia sannians (Fruhstorfer, 1908) (Rahinda) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

Neptis Fabricius 1807

melicerta species-group

AZ15-0034
AZ15-0034R AZ15-0034V
N. venilia evanescens (Staudinger, 1888) (Athyma) → [GBIF]

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0185
AZ19-0185R AZ19-0185V
N. venilia evanescens (Staudinger, 1888) (Athyma) → [GBIF]

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.




Subfamily Apaturinae Boisduval, 1840

Rohana Moore 1880

AZ15-0082
AZ15-0082R AZ15-0082V
R. macar pagenstecheri (de Nicéville, 1897) (Apatura) → GBIF
♂ 46mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Subfamily Cyrestinae Guenée, 1865

Cyrestis Boisduval 1832

AZ19-0198
AZ19-0198R AZ19-0198V
C. acilia jordani Martin, 1903 → GBIF
♂ 50mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0008
AZ22-0008R AZ22-0008V
C. thyonneus celebensis Staudinger, 1896 → GBIF
♂ 45mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.


Subfamily Nymphalinae Rafinesque, 1815

Tribe Junoniini Reuter,1896

Junonia Hübner 1819

AZ15-0043
AZ15-0043R AZ15-0043V
J. hedonia hellanis (C. & R. Felder, [1867]) (Precis) → GBIF
♂ 58mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0201
AZ19-0201R AZ19-0201V
J. hedonia hellanis (C. & R. Felder, [1867]) (Precis) → GBIF
♂ 59mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

Hypolimnas Hübner 1819

AZ15-0035
AZ15-0035R AZ15-0035V
H. alimena eligia Fruhstorfer, 1912 → GBIF
♀ 67mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.




Family Lycaenidae Leach, 1815

Subfamily Curetinae Distant, 1884

Curetis Hübner, [1819]

AZ19-0173
AZ19-0173R AZ19-0173V
C. barsine egena (C. & R. Felder, [1865]) (Anops) → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0150
AZ19-0150R AZ19-0150V
C. tagalica celebensis (C. & R. Felder, [1865]) (Anops) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Subfamily Theclinae Swainson, 1831

Tribe Theclini Swainson, 1830

Subtribe Hypolycaenina

Hypolycaena C. & R. Felder, 1862

AZ15-0078
AZ15-0078R AZ15-0078V
H. erylus gamatius Fruhstorfer, 1912 → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0155
AZ19-0155R AZ19-0155V
H. erylus gamatius Fruhstorfer, 1912 → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0066
AZ15-0066R AZ15-0066V
H. erylus thyrius Fruhstorfer, 1912 → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0069
AZ15-0069R AZ15-0069V
H. erylus thyrius Fruhstorfer, 1912 → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0190
AZ19-0190R AZ19-0190V
H. erylus thyrius Fruhstorfer, 1912 → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.



Tribe Luciini

Section Hypochrysops C.Felder & R.Felder, 1860

Philiris Röber, 1891

AZ15-0072
AZ15-0072R AZ15-0072V
P. h. helena (Snellen, 1887) (Pseudodipsas) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.



Tribe Arhopalini

Section Arhopala Boisduval, 1832

Arhopala Boisduval, 1832

AZ15-0096
AZ15-0096R AZ15-0096V
A. ? lata (Evans, 1957) (Narathura) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0199
AZ19-0199R AZ19-0199V
A. ? adherbal Grose-Smith, 1902 → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0100
AZ19-0100R AZ19-0100V
A. thamyras anthore (Hewitson, 1862) (Amblypodia) → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0175
AZ19-0175R AZ19-0175V
A. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.




Subfamily Polyommatinae Swainson, 1827

Tribe Lycaenesthini

Anthene Doubleday, 1847

AZ19-0152
AZ19-0152R AZ19-0152V
A. p. philo (Hopffer, 1874) (Lycaena) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0153
AZ19-0153R AZ19-0153V
A. p. philo (Hopffer, 1874) (Lycaena) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0076
AZ15-0076R AZ15-0076V
A. seltuttus amboinensis (Butler, 1899) (Lycaenesthes) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Polyommatini Swainson, 1827

Subtribe Pithecopina

Pithecops Horsfield, [1828]

AZ15-0070
AZ15-0070R AZ15-0070V
P. dionisius (Boisduval, 1832) (Lycaena) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Subtribe Danina

Prosotas Druce, 1891

AZ19-0169
AZ19-0169R AZ19-0169V
P. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0188
AZ19-0188R AZ19-0188V
P. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

Catopyrops Toxopeus, 1929

AZ22-0018
AZ22-0018R AZ22-0018V
C. ancyra subfestivus (Röber, 1886) (Plebeius) → GBIF
♂ 16mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.

Erysichton Fruhstorfer, 1916

AZ19-0179
AZ19-0179R AZ19-0179V
E. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Subtribe Jamidina

Jamides Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0077
AZ15-0077R AZ15-0077V
J. celeno optimus (Röber, 1886) (Plebejus) → [GBIF]

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0067
AZ15-0067R AZ15-0067V
J. ? butleri (Rothschild, 1915) (Lampides) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0174
AZ19-0174R AZ19-0174V
J. aratus vignei Rawlins et al. 2014 → [GBIF]

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0177
AZ19-0177R AZ19-0177V
J. aratus vignei Rawlins et al. 2014 → [GBIF]

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Subtribe Zizulina

Zizula Chapman, 1910

AZ22-0021
AZ22-0021R AZ22-0021V
Z. h. hylax (Fabricius, 1775) (Papilio) → GBIF
♀ 10mm
Sali Kecil (Halmahera Selatan), North Maluku
Lat: -0.42792, Lon: 127.74094 (0.2 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.


Subtribe Leptotina

Leptotes Scudder, 1876

AZ15-0068
AZ15-0068R AZ15-0068V
L. plinius juvenal (Fruhstorfer, 1922) (Tarucus) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Subtribe Polyommatina

Luthrodes Druce, 1895

AZ19-0149
AZ19-0149R AZ19-0149V
L. boopis (Fruhstorfer, 1897) (Lycaena)

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0151
AZ19-0151R AZ19-0151V
L. boopis (Fruhstorfer, 1897) (Lycaena)

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.



Polyommatinae species incertae

AZ15-0080
AZ15-0080R AZ15-0080V
spec.

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.




Family Hesperiidae Latreille, 1809

Subfamily Pyrginae Burmeister, 1878

Tribe Celaenorrhini Swinhoe, 1912

Celaenorrhinus Hübner, [1819]

AZ19-0186
AZ19-0186R AZ19-0186V
C. ficulnea crona (Hewitson, 1878) (Plesioneura) → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Tribe Tagiadini Mabille, 1878

Gerosis Mabille, 1903

AZ15-0081
AZ15-0081R AZ15-0081V
G. spec.

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

Tagiades Hübner, [1819]

AZ19-0197
AZ19-0197R AZ19-0197V
T. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

Tagiades Hübner, [1819]

AZ19-0159
AZ19-0159R AZ19-0159V
T. japetus prasnaja Fruhstorfer, 1910 → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.




Subfamily Hesperiinae Latreille, 1809

Tribe Taractrocerini Voss, 1952

Potanthus Scudder, 1872

AZ15-0073
AZ15-0073R AZ15-0073V
P. spec.

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0079
AZ15-0079R AZ15-0079V
P. spec.

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0170
AZ19-0170R AZ19-0170V
P. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ19-0176
AZ19-0176R AZ19-0176V
P. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

Telicota Moore, [1881]

AZ22-0017
AZ22-0017R AZ22-0017V
T. ternatensis testa Evans, 1934 → GBIF
♂ 25mm
Bitung, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.55887, Lon: 125.14608 (0.5 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.


Tribe Baorini Doherty, 1866

Caltoris Swinhoe, 1893

AZ19-0189
AZ19-0189R AZ19-0189V
C. spec.

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.


Hesperiinae species incertae

AZ15-0075
AZ15-0075R AZ15-0075V
spec.

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.





Superfamily Bombycoidea Latreille, 1802

Family Sphingidae Latreille, 1802

Subfamily Macroglossinae Harris, 1839

Tribe Macroglossini Harris, 1839

Subtribe Choerocampina Grote & Robinson, 1865

Hippotion Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0052
AZ15-0052R AZ15-0052V
H. boerhaviae (Fabricius, 1775) (Sphinx) → GBIF
♂ 50mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.






Superfamily Noctuoidea Latreille, 1809

Family Noctuidae Latreille, 1809

Subfamily Acronictinae Harris, 1841

Apsarasa Moore, 1867

AZ15-0064 → notes
AZ15-0064R AZ15-0064V
AZ15-0064S1.jpeg
A. praslini (Boisduval, 1832) (Agarista) → GBIF
♀ 51mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.



Family Erebidae Leach, 1815

Subfamily Aganainae Lafontaine & Fibiger, 2006

Asota Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0106
AZ15-0106R AZ15-0106V
A. heliconia (Linnaeus, 1758) (Phalaena) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0108
AZ15-0108R AZ15-0108V
A. heliconia (Linnaeus, 1758) (Phalaena) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0065
AZ15-0065R AZ15-0065V
A. heliconia malisa → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.

Neochera Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0063
AZ15-0063R AZ15-0063V
N. dominia affinis Rothschild, 1896 → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Subfamily Erebinae Leach, [1815]

Tribe Ophiusini Guenée, 1837

Thyas Hübner, [1824]

AZ15-0054
AZ15-0054R AZ15-0054V
T. coronata (Fabricius, 1775) (Noctua) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0110
AZ15-0110R AZ15-0110V
T. miniacea (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) (Lagoptera) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Ommatophorini Guenée, 1852

Ommatophora Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852

AZ15-0098
AZ15-0098R AZ15-0098V
O. ? luminosa (Cramer, [1780]) (Phalaena) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Hypopyrini Guenée, 1852

Spirama Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852

AZ15-0047
AZ15-0047R AZ15-0047V
S. spec.

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0049
AZ15-0049R AZ15-0049V
S. spec.

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0050
AZ15-0050R AZ15-0050V
S. spec.

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Hulodini Guenée, 1852

Polydesmiola Strand, 1916

AZ19-0202
AZ19-0202R AZ19-0202V
P. hebraica (Snellen, 1880) (Hamodes) → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.

Anisoneura Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852

AZ15-0051
AZ15-0051R AZ15-0051V
A. zeuzeroides Guenée, 1852 → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Erebini Leach, [1815]

Erebus Latreille, 1810

AZ15-0099
AZ15-0099R AZ15-0099V
E. crepuscularis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Phalaena) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0211
AZ19-0211R AZ19-0211V
E. crepuscularis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Phalaena) → GBIF

Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ15-0048
AZ15-0048R AZ15-0048V
E. ? nyctaculis (Snellen, 1880) (Nyctipao) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ15-0046
AZ15-0046R AZ15-0046V
E. purpurata (Druce, 1888) (Argiva) → GBIF

Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Ercheiini Berio, 1992

Ercheia Walker, [1858]

AZ15-0055
AZ15-0055R AZ15-0055V
E. ? dubia (Butler, 1874) (Catephia) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Tribe Cocytiini Boisduval, [1828]

Serrodes Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852

AZ15-0058
AZ15-0058R AZ15-0058V
S. ? campana (Guenée, 1852) (Remigia) → GBIF

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Erebinae species incertae

AZ15-0053
AZ15-0053R AZ15-0053V
spec.

Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40778, Lon: 125.17027 (2.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.



Subfamily Arctiinae Leach, [1815]

Tribe Arctiini Leach, 1815   → notes

Subtribe Euchromiina Butler, 1876   → notes

Euchromia Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0074
AZ15-0074R AZ15-0074V
E. creusa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sphinx) → GBIF
♂ 46mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.
AZ19-0160
AZ19-0160R AZ19-0160V
E. creusa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sphinx) → GBIF
♀ 49mm
Pulau Lembeh, North Sulawesi
Lat: 1.40735, Lon: 125.17046 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.
AZ22-0024 → notes
AZ22-0024R AZ22-0024V
E. creusa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sphinx) → GBIF
♂ 42mm
Sali Kecil (Halmahera Selatan), North Maluku
Lat: -0.42792, Lon: 127.74094 (0.2 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.


Subtribe Nyctemerina Kirby, 1892

Nyctemera Hübner, 1820

Nyctemera Hübner, [1820]

AZ15-0061
AZ15-0061R AZ15-0061V
N. b. baulus (Boisduval, 1832) (Leptosoma) → GBIF
♀ 45mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.


Argina Hübner, [1819]

AZ15-0071
AZ15-0071R AZ15-0071V
A. a. astrea (Drury, 1773) (Phalaena) → GBIF
♀ 38mm
Weda Bay, Halmahera, North Maluku
Lat: 0.42972, Lon: 127.90206 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, December 2014.



Tribe Amerilini Dubatolov, 2010

Amerila Walker, 1855

AZ22-0023
AZ22-0023R AZ22-0023V
A. astreus communis (Walker, [1865]) (Creatonotus) → GBIF
♀ 47mm
Sali Kecil (Halmahera Selatan), North Maluku
Lat: -0.42792, Lon: 127.74094 (0.2 km)
Indonesia, July 2022.





Superfamily Geometroidea Leach, 1815

Family Geometridae Leach, 1815

Subfamily Desmobathrinae Meyrick, 1886

Tribe Eumeleini Warren, 1894

Eumelea Duncan [& Westwood], 1841

AZ19-0167
AZ19-0167R AZ19-0167V
E. rosalia (Stoll, [1781]) (Phalaena) → GBIF
♂ 44mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.





Superfamily Cossoidea Leach, 1815

Family Cossidae Leach, 1815

Subfamily Zeuzerinae Boisduval, 1828

Xyleutes Hübner, 1820

AZ19-0162
AZ19-0162R AZ19-0162V
X. cf. strix (Linnaeus, 1758) (Phalaena) → GBIF
♂ 68mm
Pulau Rao (Morotai), North Maluku
Lat: 2.31039, Lon: 128.1798 (1.0 km)
Indonesia, July 2019.





† Original genus could not be verified.
→ GBIF Link to taxon in Global Biodiversity Information Facility
→ [GBIF] Subspecies not found in GBIF. Link to species.
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